Find one more article from the NJIT library of equal quality where the author(s) disagrees in some way with the main argument(s) of the Kurzweil or Allen article.
1. Robinson, Frank S. “The Human Future: Upgrade or Replacement?.” The Humanist. (I July-August 2013): 24-25. PDF Print.
2. Demonstrate understanding: The author intention initially is about debating the Kurzweil singularity argument. The essay argues that whether the singularity happens or not the future of technology is almost impossible to predict, even the singularity is possible that would happen. Humans can’t deny that it won’t happen. At the end of essay author argues no matter how much evolutionist and people try to control the progression and advancement, the technology will still continue at its pace, just as much as it is hard to predict also it will be difficult to control. He supports that argument by indicating the science history of how at every point of history everyone thought the technology advancement came to an end or if there was advancement everything had been invented so innovation would be like sucking blood out of stone. But the history proves to humanity that technological advancement is never ending progress. Human capability is beyond its own imagination.
3. Compare the arguments: The author argues against Kurzweil exponential growth idea and thinks it’s a little too optimistic and thinks the growth isn’t really exponentially it is actually getting harder since all the growth has been in recent years is more tweaking on the existing technology rather than a revolutionary innovation although the computer has been a game changer. Then he continues defending Kurzweil and arguing the AI research isn’t a failure yet and it’s not the dead end. The AI also could be similar to brain and it improves its self by nanotechnology but the future of how much the AI will advance or by how much speed is really unknown.
4. Judge the quality: Frank S. Robinson graduated from New York University Law School and is a retired administrative law judge. He is the author of four books including Life, Liberty and Happiness, Machine Politics: A Study of Albany’s O’Connell’s, and Confessions of a Numismatic Fanatic: How to Get the Most out of Coin Collecting. He is currently in the business of buying and selling ancient and world coins. His famous book Case for Rational Optimism is top hundred best seller books on amazon.com and also his argument about “cogent approach to the modern world” which is itself a future theory with valid supports in the book. Due his background in Law I thought the judgment and the argument he made about Kurzweil was rational and he elaborated more. Also since he wasn’t in the field of technology from outside perspective he could reason the claim that Kurzweil made and elaborate on what he actually thinks the future is going to look like. Also since the subject is mostly theory and less focused on the technical aspect or specifics of technology, he as a great author had the credibility to rationalize and argue about the essay and the book. He also done a good research on the science history and could argue about the development of technology.